It’s very common to think as a woodworker beginner if you didn’t put it to test by yourself to experience the result: is wood glue stronger than wood?
I would recommend you should try this out by yourself by gluing up two small pieces of wood planks.
For some reason, if you don’t want to try, then you’ve to believe others who’ve experienced it.
The answer to this question might depend a lot on the type of wood, and how they’re glued up.
Simply means if two wood planks are bound together with wood glue, and you’re sure that glue is well reached to their edges.
At the moment of breaking, most likely the wood would not break off where the wood glue is applied. Instead, it will be somewhere else. As a result, we can say, wood glue is stronger than wood.
There are many videos on youtube of this experiment. I’m leaving here a link if you want to see it by your eyes to confirm the results.
However, as I said, this experiment largely depends on many factors like the type of wood, wood glue brand, and glue must be applied thoroughly.
Why is wood glue stronger than wood?
Wood glue may be stronger, but not all the time. However, there are a few reasons why wood glue holds two pieces together uptight.
Polyvinyl acetate is what makes adhesives effective, a rubbery polymer that dries hard as it forms a bond. Most glues nowadays contain this chemical in a large quantity.
Wood glues also contain some sort of evaporated minerals. With that said, they come up in the form of viscous liquid.
When applied to wood, the viscous liquid absorbed by the wood meanwhile penetrates the top layer and goes deeper into wood grains.
Then it starts to become dry, this is what we called the dying process. It can take some time.
When it’s done, both the wood planks attach to each other by the adhesive property.
Which types of wood joints work best with wood glue?
Professionals usually prefer the types of wood joints where more glue can be poured.
For example, if you glue on a simple joint, assuming wood pieces are of size ¾. According to some measurements, there will only be .75 square per inch space leave for glue. That can be increased.
The T&G joints (tongue has grooves) where one end is normally called a face and another is an end. These types of joints offer more space for the glue to be poured, around 35% extra than butt joints.
Thus, there will be an increase in strength with this additional glue area. That’s the reason why professionals use T&G joints over simple wood joints.
Which wood glue is strongest?
There are so many types of wood glues, choosing the right one is what every woodworker hopes for.
These are specially designed to be used indoors for activities such as hobby work or repairing kitchen cabinets.
Other glues can be used for indoor or outdoor projects, such as to repair outdoor furniture, glue cedar decking for a deck, or build birdbaths.
There’s no way of knowing which is best for you unless you choose one that matches your project.
Some types of glues are readily available.
- PVA Glue
PVA glue, also known as Polyvinyl Acetate, is an inexpensive glue used to bond basic indoor furniture.
- Cyanoacrylate (CA) Wood Glue
Often referred to as “super glue”, cyanoacrylate (CA) glue is used to join two hard pieces of material.
Having a cure or set in a very short amount of time makes it the best choice when repairing quickly and easily
- Epoxy-Based Glue
Many professional woodworkers used epoxy glue because hardwoods and softwoods are specifically formulated to fill cracks with this resin and hardener.
Bonding takes time, however. The wood should also be clamped to ensure a strong bond.
- Polyurethane Wood Glue
The strongest wood glue is polyurethane, it’s water-resistant and bonds two wood projects together stronger than other glues.
It’s an excellent choice to fill up cracks on outdoor furniture, this is because of its ability to dry faster and high level of stability even in humid environments.
Which is stronger: wood glue or screws or nails?
The answer many woodworkers give to this question is the wood glue has the strongest bond, followed closely by screws and nails.
Here is a logical solution to make it easier for you to understand.
The wood glue bond is stronger than screw because the applied glue grip all over the wood surface, meaning it bonds two pieces at the maximum area.
Whereas, screws only hold two pieces from specific points. Therefore lacks the strongibilty.
In regards to nails, wood screws are designed to hold tight due to thread, whereas nails don’t have threaded shanks that can slip by.
What is Polyurethane wood glue made of?
The adhesive is created by a chemical reaction between polymers. There is a lot of strength and resistance to degradation in this glue.
In simple words.
Polyurethane wood glue is a reaction of multiple adhesives chemicals. Different popular brands don’t disclose their secret formula, however, something is common in them.
The polyurethane glue contains a large number of isocyanates (a chemical family that is highly reactive with low molal weight, and is usually used to make flexible and rigid foams), the molecules react with polyols.
At this stage the liquid is viscous and highly adhesive, then by adding up some evaporated minerals like spirit, their viscosity is reduced and turned out into a final product.
Is there a joint stronger than wood glue?
Actually no, you cannot rely on a wood joint without gluing it up. No matter which type of glue, you will have to use it.
Unless your project needs a simple bond like building a picture frame or any other fun DIY wood project.
Only by then, you can bond without using glue.
Wood glue is strong but is it also durable?
It depends on many variables. The kind of glue you will use matters a lot to provide durability.
Many types of wood glues are readily found these days, so deciding which one can last longer is dependent on your choice.
For instance, if your furniture has to deal with rough weather like humidity or temperature effects, then you should use that polyurethane wood. It’s the most durable as well as stronger than many of its rivals.
If you pick the cheap one, you might get a solid joint, but somehow durability will pay the cost. With that said, weather changes may affect them.
How long does wood glue take to dry?
There are some glues to be found that dry quickly. However, they’re not recommended for normal use because due to fast-drying, they make it harder to make perfect joints.
As a general rule, we recommend clamping an unstrained joint for 30 minutes to an hour when using wood glue.
During this time, the joint must be clamped. You should avoid putting any stress on the new joint for at least 24 hours. Our recommendation is to clamp Titebond Polyurethane Glue for at least 45 minutes.