If you’re wondering what hardboard is, it’s basically a type of wood-based panel that’s made by compressing wood fibers under high pressure and heat.
The end result is a hard and durable board that can be used in a variety of woodworking projects. Hardboard comes in different types, such as standard, tempered, perforated, MDF, HDF, painted, and more, each with its own unique properties and uses.
So if you’re a carpenter or DIYer looking for a versatile and affordable material for your next project, hardboard might just be the way to go!
Why there are different types of hardboards?
Using different types of hardboards can be beneficial for a number of reasons.
For one thing, different types of hardboard have different properties and strengths, which can make them better suited for different types of projects.
For example, tempered hardboard is more water-resistant and durable than standard hardboard, making it a better choice for projects that will be exposed to moisture or heavy use.
Similarly, perforated hardboard can be great for projects that require ventilation or airflow.
Using different types of hardboard can also give you more design options and allow you to customize your projects more easily.
For example, painted hardboard comes pre-primed and ready for paint, allowing you to easily create a custom color or design for your project.
Similarly, using different thicknesses or densities of hardboard can allow you to achieve different levels of strength or flexibility in your finished product.
10 Types of Hardboards
1. Standard Hardboard
Standard hardboard is the most common type of hardboard available. It is made from wood fibers that are pressed together under high pressure and heat. Standard hardboard is smooth on one side and has a rough texture on the other.
This type of hardboard is ideal for projects where a smooth finish is not necessary, such as backing for cabinets, furniture, or as a base for wall paneling. Standard hardboard is also a popular choice for DIY projects like photo frames, signs, and other crafts.
2. Tempered Hardboard
Tempered hardboard is a type of hardboard that has been treated with oil or resin to increase its durability and strength.
This process also makes the hardboard more water-resistant, which makes it an ideal choice for projects that require exposure to moisture, such as bathroom cabinets, countertops, and flooring.
Tempered hardboard is also ideal for projects that require a smooth, flat surface, such as desktops, shelves, and furniture.
3. Perforated Hardboard
Perforated hardboard, also known as pegboard, is a type of hardboard that has evenly spaced holes drilled into it.
This type of hardboard is commonly used in workshops and garages as a storage solution for tools and other equipment.
Perforated hardboard can also be used for decorative purposes, such as a backing for a display shelf or as a creative display board for a child’s room.
4. MDF (Medium-density fiberboard)
MDF is another type of hardboard that is commonly used in woodworking projects.
It is made from wood fibers that are mixed with a resin binder and pressed under high heat and pressure to create a strong, durable board.
MDF is known for its smooth surface and is often used in projects where a high-quality finish is necessary, such as cabinets, furniture, and molding.
5. HDF (High-density fiberboard)
HDF is a type of hardboard that is similar to MDF but is denser and stronger.
It is made from finer wood fibers that are compressed under high pressure to create a smooth, flat board that is ideal for projects that require strength and durability, such as flooring and wall paneling.
6. Painted Hardboard
Painted hardboard is a type of hardboard that has been pre-painted with a coat of white primer, making it easy to customize and use in projects that require a painted finish.
This type of hardboard is commonly used in wall paneling and as a backing for cabinets and furniture.
7. Oil-tempered Hardboard
Oil-tempered hardboard is a type of hardboard that has been treated with oil to increase its water resistance and durability.
This type of hardboard is commonly used in projects that require exposure to moisture, such as bathroom cabinets, countertops, and flooring.
Masonite is a brand name for a type of hardboard that is made from wood fibers that are compressed under high pressure to create a strong, durable board.
Masonite is known for its smooth surface and is commonly used in projects that require a high-quality finish, such as cabinets, furniture, and paneling.
9. Fiber Cement Board
Fiber cement board is a type of hardboard that is made from a mixture of cement, sand, and cellulose fibers.
This type of hardboard is known for its durability and resistance to moisture and fire, making it ideal for use in projects such as exterior siding and roofing.
Softboard is a type of hardboard that is made from wood fibers that have not been compressed under high pressure.
This type of hardboard is softer and less durable than other types of hardboard, but it is also more flexible and easy to work with. Softboard is commonly used in projects such as bulletin boards and as a backing for artwork and posters.
What are Hardboards used for?
Hardboard is a super versatile material that can be used for all sorts of things. It’s often used in construction, woodworking, and furniture-making projects, and can be used as a backing for cabinets, shelves, and panels. It’s also commonly used as a base for painting and other artistic endeavors. Plus, it can be cut and shaped into all sorts of sizes and forms, making it great for custom projects. Some folks even use hardboard as a flooring material or as a wall covering in certain situations. So if you’re looking for a material that’s strong, affordable, and can be used in a ton of different ways, hardboard might just be your new go-to!